Citadel of Salah El Din

The Citadel is a pavilion that was originally created in 810. In 1176, the celebrated Muslim leader Salah Al Din fortified the area to protect it from attacks by the Crusaders. It is both a fortress and a miniature royal city. One of the most unique features of the Citadel is its aqueduct, built in the 12th century. It is a magnificent piece of engineering that carried water more than 3 miles from the Nile to the Citadel for everyday use, and it was vital in times of siege. The Citadel also houses the Alabaster Mosque, which can be seen from any part of Cairo, and the famous Khan El Khalili bazaar, while offering an unparalleled panoramic view of Cairo from the Moqattam Hills.

 

The Citadel was fortified by the Ayyubid ruler Salah al-Din (Saladin) between 1176 and 1183 CE, to protect it from the Crusaders. Only a few years after defeating the Fatimid Caliphate, Saladin set out to build a wall that would surround both Cairo and Fustat. Saladin is recorded as saying, “With a wall I will make the two [cities of Cairo and Fustat] into a unique whole, so that one army may defend them both; and I believe it is good to encircle them with a single wall from the bank of the Nile to the bank of the Nile.” The Citadel would be the centerpiece of the wall. Built on a promontory beneath the Muqattam Hills, a setting that made it difficult to attack, the efficacy of the Citadel’s location is further demonstrated by the fact that it remained the heart of Egyptian government until the 19th century. The citadel stopped being the seat of government when Egypt’s ruler, Khedive Ismail, moved to his newly built Abdin Palace in the Ismailiya neighborhood in the 1860s.

While the Citadel was completed in 1183-1184, the wall Saladin had envisioned was still under construction in 1238, long after his death.

To supply water to the Citadel, Saladin built the 280 feet (85 m) deep Well of Joseph, which can still be seen today. This well is also known as the Well of the Spiral because its entrance consisted of 300 stairs that wound around the inside of the well. Once water was raised from the well to the surface, it traveled to the Citadel on a series of aqueducts. During the reign of al-Nasir Muhammad, the Well of Joseph failed to produce enough water for the numerous animals and humans then living in the Citadel. To increase the volume of water, Nasir built a well system that consisted of a number of water wheels on the Nile, the water from which was then transported to the wall and subsequently to the Citadel, via the aqueducts Saladin had constructed.

The improvements to the Citadel’s water supply were not Nasir’s only additions to the Citadel, which was subject to a number of different additions during the Mamluk period. Nasir’s most notable contribution was the Mosque of Nasir. In 1318 Nasir rebuilt the Ayyubid structure, turning it into a mosque in his name. The structure underwent further additions in 1335. Other contributions to the Citadel during Nasir’s reign include the structure’s southern enclosure (the northern enclosure was completed by Saladin) and the residential area, which included space for the harem and the courtyard. Prior to Nasir’s work on the Citadel, the Baybars constructed the Hall of Justice and the “House of Gold

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Major Attractions in Cairo

Sharm El Sheikh Adventure

Mixed adventure activities can be found at the world class resort of Sharm el Sheikh, where all activities are available for all family members. Sharm El Sheikh has different categories of accommodation to fit all travelers needs, and a unique collection of adventures activities beside the quite atmosphere for relaxing

Marsa Alam Adventure

Explore one of the most growing adventure and holiday destinations in the Red Sea, Marsa Alam, where you will enjoy the most beautiful virgin beaches in Egypt with crystal blue water suitable for all water adventure activities like snorkeling, diving, windsurf, kite surfing and others

Hurghada Adventure & Relax

Adventure or Relaxation! Hurghada is the best Red Sea Resort for both. Enjoy an unforgettable vacation on the Hurghada charming beaches. The availability to do snorkeling, scuba diving, Windsurf or other water activity is here, as well as desert safari and other adventure activities

Taste of Egypt

Feel free adventure from the fixed and tied schedules of Nile cruises and sailing timetable, here you will enjoy every moment of your trip with our normal hotels accommodation in Cairo, Luxor and Aswan. You will have the chance to spend more time in each site as there is no sailing schedule to follow

Egypt Express

Sleeper train between Cairo and Luxor is a unique adventure in travelling. Where you will be enjoying sleeping onboard of a train traveling between Cairo and Upper Egypt and Sleeping onboard of Nile cruise sailing the Nile between Luxor and Aswan

Classic Egypt

First time to visit Egypt! And looking to explore the marvelous Ancient Egyptian monuments, here you are with the right travel package choice, where you will experience all the most important Egyptian highlights and landmarks everybody dream to visit, all in one package in one week

Cairo and Nile Cruise

Visit Egypt in 1 week, you can combine the wonders of Cairo and Giza with legendary Nile river cruise. The package presents the perfect opportunity to enjoy the remarkable Temples and Tombs of Upper Egypt along with Cairo and Giza main attractions

Bride of the Mediterranean

From Cairo where the great 3 Pyramids of Giza located we will expand your trip to cover the northern part of Egypt, Alexandria with its Mediterranean atmosphere and Greco Roman monuments and Alamein where the WWII Cemetery and museum located. We will expand also to Southern part of Egypt where the ancient Egyptian treasures located in Luxor and Aswan

Explorer of Nubian Gold

Explore different kind of adventure cruise! Sailing in Lake Nasser behind Aswan High Dam, exploring the ancient Nubian treasures along the way between Aswan and Abu Simbel under the shiny Nubian sun

Treasures of the Nile Package

Our Standard Nile Treasures package is the ideal way to see the best of Cairo’s and Upper Egypt most famous classical sights. Mixing the exciting atmosphere in Cairo, Giza, Luxor and Aswan with oldest monuments in Egypt

Dahabeya from Aswan to Luxor in 8 days

Using Nile River water current and power of winds, we will travel north from Aswan to Luxor, with exploration to the major sites in our way, based from a small sailing Dahabeya we will discover Aswan with its majestic Philae temple and other attraction, Kom Ombo Temple, Edfu temple, Esna, and the rich history of Luxor. We will sail like ancient Egyptians people was doing long time ago, but with more comfort

Dahabeya from Aswan to Luxor in 6 days

With our Dahabeya tour, you will hear names and see places you will hardly have a chance to explore without a Dahabeya; Herdiab Island, El Ramadia Island, El Silsila Island, Hormoheb, Daraw and many hidden treasures on the Nile river. Come join us for something more interesting and authentic. With a few members onboard of Dahabeya, you will enjoy an unforgettable experience onboard.

Dahabeya from Luxor to Aswan in 8 days

Cruise on the blue waters of the Nile River in the most unique way; up the Nile river from city of the open air museum to reach Aswan, we will explore Luxor based from our selected Dahabeya, and then our boat will take us up the Nile to Aswan, the house of many Nubian secrets, passing by some selected spots and sites in our way, we will have a mixed tour of relaxation, privacy, natural and historical ancient sites

Ankh 1 Sailing Sandal – 6 days Edfu to Aswan

Need something new other than standard Nile cruise Ships, which takes you to the same historical places plus much more, you can join us onboard, and we can take you for places untouched by big touristic groups and still keeping the secrets of Egyptian styles and natural life. Boat leaves from Edfu towards Aswan in a quietly trip, no much people or crowds

Ankh 1 Sailing Sandal – 5 days Edfu to Aswan

Our carefully designed package using Ankh 1 Sandal will bring you deeper inside the Egyptian original atmosphere, using old times sailing boat which uses the big sails to make the power of wind move the boat. During our journey on the Nile, we will be getting in touch with local Egyptians, which will gave us an extraordinarily experience in Egyptian culture, beside the hidden historical sites

Ankh 1 Sailing Sandal – 4 days Aswan to Edfu

Sailing beside the river banks from Aswan to Edfu with Ankh 1 sandal, outfitted in oriental and Egyptian touches to get the original Egyptian atmosphere. While boat relaxed sailing using the big sail, you will be inspired by green fields frequented by rare exotic birds and natural life, you will explore some sites best reached with our Sandal.

Ankh 1 Sailing Sandal – 3 days Aswan to Edfu

The shortest Nile river sailing program, only in 3 days you will visit the major attraction between Aswan and Edfu, which can not be reached by huge Nile Cruises, with majestic of old times sailing boat, Ankh 1. You will experience the best of undiscovered places on your way onboard from Aswan to Edfu

Felucca Overnight

Do not miss a felucca trail, see how the long experienced felucca captain manage the boat to sail with nothing except the power of wind and Nile river current. Spend your day and night on a deck of a kind of boats designed very long time ago. Enjoy all your meals and sleep under stars.

Aswan to Luxor Felucca Explorer

Nothing can beat sailing in a quiet rig that was designed thousands of years ago, with our felucca sailing program, we will see how local Egyptian spend their days along Nile river banks, and find out more about ancient Egyptians from their temples and tombs along Nile river in our sailing trip

Aswan to Edfu Felucca in 4 Days

Sail on the magical Nile River and enjoy the natural scenery of river banks, from Aswan to Kom Ombo, we will sail slowly and quietly in a way which will make you feel the breeze, with some stops for swimming and relaxation, the trip will be followed by a bus trip to see Edfu temple, and you will have a choice to continue to Luxor or return back to Aswan

Aswan to Edfu Felucca in 3 days

Spend two overnights onboard of Nile felucca sailing around Aswan and sail to reach Kom Ombo, with the power of wind, the felucca will take you to some unique places, which can not be reached easily with other ways of transportation, after the magnificent 3 days trip by felucca, you can return back to Aswan or continue ahead to Luxor

Felucca Explorer

Starting from foot steps of Great Pyramids, getting to explore the surrounding areas till Sakkara, as well as Cairo’s intriguing bazaars and Museum, we will enjoy an overnight train trip to Aswan in Upper Egypt and use an Old Traditional sailing boat “Felucca” in a journey along the Nile river takes us from Aswan to Edfu, and continue our way to Luxor famous with its palaces, temples, and tombs

Nubian Museum Aswan

Interested in Nubian culture, need to know more about the Nubian civilization, then you should pay a visit to the Nubian Museum, which displays thousands of Nubian antiquities that would have been lost under the waters of Lake …

Nubian Village by felucca

Explore the Nubian Village in Aswan by strolling through shady alleys and gardens is a wonderful way to experience life on modern Elephantines. At Nubian house, the owner serves tea, sells Nubian handicrafts, and can arrange live music …

Kalabsha Temple & Nubian Museum

Have a spectacular trip to the temple of Kalabsha, dedicated to Mandulis, the Nubian sun god. And enjoy visiting the Nubian museum which houses thousands of beautiful monuments dating to different eras and built over an area of …

Felucca trip in the Nile – Aswan

Sail on the Nile as ancient Egyptians, using a felucca to experience one of the most famous ways to sail on the Nile River in Aswan. The felucca is a traditional sailing boat made of wood that is used especially for river sailing. They are …

Kom Ombo & Edfu Day Tour

While in Aswan, expand your sightseeing to Kom Ombo and Edfu cities, which have remarkable temples. Kom Ombo Temple, which stands on a high ground overlooking the River Nile. Then onto Edfu Temple which is dedicated to …

Sound & Light Show at Philae

The spectacular Sound and Light Show at Philae temple will help you to imagine how the life has been thousands years ago! You will know about it through the legendary Sound & Light Shows which are played at Philae temple, its …

High Dam, Unfinished Obelisk and Philae Temple

Watch the modern engineering miracle of the famous High Dam in Aswan. And watch the ancient engineering miracle or building the Obelisks. After that pay a visit to the elegant temple of Philae dedicated to goddess Isis, goddess of magic.

Aswan to Abu Simbel by Bus

Get ready for an inspiring early morning trip to visit Abu Simbel. The two Temples of Abu Simbel, with their unique style, are considered the masterpieces of ancient Egypt. The Egyptian government and UNESCO decided to co-operate in …

Hot Air Balloon ride in Luxor

Get a completely unique view and photos of Luxor’s West bank famous temples and tombs, see how the ancient Pharaohs designed the landscape of the temples and tombs. Only with hot air balloon trip, you can get a complete …

Day trip to Edfu and kom Ombo

Get excited by our daily excursions to the to Edfu and Kom Ombo by horse carriage to visit the majestic temple dedicated to Horus and then transfer to see to the Temple of Kom Ombo standing on high grounds overlooking the Nile.

Sound & Light Show at Karnak Temple

Experience the beauty of the Temples of Karnak illuminated against the darkness of night as the pharaohs of the New Kingdom take you to a journey into Ancient Egyptian history at the Karnak Temples, the greatest example of …

Luxor East Bank Tour

A short tour to Luxor’s East Bank temples will gave you a great example of the old ancient Pharaohs live and warship. Karnak Temples, the greatest example of worship in history. And the Temple of Luxor which was dedicated to Amoun- Ra.

Luxor West Bank Tour

Explore Valley of the Kings which is magnificent in its grandeur of architecture, Valley of The Kings containing the masterpieces of the ancient Egyptian tombs and the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, the only Pharaonic woman who …

Luxor to Dendara & Abydos

Combine a morning in Dendara where you can visit the Temple of Hathor, before continuing for an afternoon of sightseeing in Abydos, home to “The Cult of Osiris”. It is a place where most ancient Egyptians would have made a pilgrimage …

Full day Tour in Luxor

Cover all Luxor major sites in one day, where you will visit the East bank and West bank monuments like Karnak Temples, Luxor Temple, Valley of the Kings and the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut also known as El Dier El Baharai temple.

Cairo to Luxor by Sleeper Train

While in Cairo, do not miss a chance to visit the most important city in Egypt, take a sleeper train to Luxor and visit the most important sightseeing and board a sleeper train back to Cairo at the end of the day

Sound & Light Show at Giza Pyramids

Pay a visit to Sound and Light spectacular Show of the Giza Pyramids of Cheops, Chefren and Mykerinus and enjoy the history of the ancient Egyptians. The show begins with the story of the Sphinx who has been the vigilant guardian of the city …

Sakkara & Memphis

Discover Memphis and Sakkara, two of Egypt’s most important archaeological treasures. Sakkara is home to the oldest pyramid in Egypt, and Memphis was the former capital of Egypt

Pyramids, Sphinx, Egyptian Museum & Khan El Khalili Bazaar

Take a leisurely private tour of Cairo’s most famous sites: the Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Egyptian Museum and Khan el-Khalili bazaar. You’ll see Cairo’s most famous attractions in one day.

Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis & Sakkara

Step back in time to the days of ancient Egypt on a private tour of the Great Pyramids of Giza and Sphinx, the necropolis of Sakkara and the former capital, Memphis. With your own private Egyptologist guide to lead the way on this private …

Giza Pyramids & Sphinx

No visit to Cairo is complete without seeing the majesty of the Great Pyramids of Giza and the Sphinx.

Felucca on the Nile

Get away from Cairo traffic and noise and enjoy the beautiful scenery of Cairo from different view by sailing on board of a felucca on the Nile River; you will be charmed by the wonderful view of Cairo at night.

Egyptian Museum, Citadel & Mohamed Ali Mosque

Immerse yourself further into Egypt’s history with an unforgettable visit to the famous Egyptian Museum. Follow this with a visit to Cairo’s most popular Islamic attractions, the Alabaster Mosque of Mohamed Ali and Citadel of …

Egyptian Museum & Coptic Cairo

Relish a trip to the Egyptian Museum which features artifacts from the Pharaonic period. The museum displays a rare collection of 5000 years of art which is considered the largest most precious collection of Egyptian art in the …

Dinner Cruise on the Nile at Cairo

Enjoy a fabulous Nile river sail when having dinner onboard of a floating restaurant for two hours with belly dance, Egyptian folkloric show and music which will make it a memorable dining experience.

Pyramids Tour to Dahshur & Sakkara

Many people are surprised to know that there are more than just 3 pyramids in Egypt. At Saqqara and Dahshur a few kilometers south of the Giza you will find several pyramids. The Step Pyramid that dominates Saqqara built for the …

Coptic Cairo, The Hanging Church & Abu Serga, Ben Ezra

Discover the ancient sites and culture of Coptic Christians during a tour through Old Cairo. Visit Abu Serga where the Holy family sort refuge, and Ben Ezra, one of the oldest synagogues in Cairo. Learn about Christian life in Egypt

Citadel Salah El Din, Old Cairo & Khan El Khalili

Enjoy a visit to Salah El Din Citadel which considered one of the most Cairo’s attractions, it was constructed by Salah El Din on the Moquattam hills in 1183 AD to defend Cairo from the armies of Crusaders. Also visit the Old Cairo …

Alexandria Day Trip

Take a fascinating private tour to Alexandria, the second largest city in Egypt, Alexandria has an atmosphere that is more Mediterranean than Middle Eastern and is famous for its Roman remains. Alexandria was founded by Alexander the …

Alabaster Mosque, Sultan Hassan and Khan El Khalili

Look beyond the pyramids and pharaohs, and discover the Citadel of Salah el Din, Sultan Hassan and Khan el-Khalili Bazaars. This tour will give you a deeper insight into the rich history that is Egypt.

Cairo and Dahabeya

More than standard Cairo and Upper Egypt tour, a program designed to see the Cairo’s famous attractions and upper Egypt attractions, plus some sites can be reached only with Dahabeya sailing boats, 4 nights onboard of Dahabiyya sailing will gave you a different experience than standard Nile cruise, with fewer people onboard, you will have more privacy and time to explore with your own, and you will get in touch with natural life in Egypt

Dahab

Dahab Dahab means 'gold' in Arabic. In Sinai it means golden sands, turquoise sea and off-beat cafe life. It is a focus of tourism development, with […]

Sharm El Sheikh

Sharm El Sheikh - Sinai Sharm el Sheikh is a world-class resort destination that attracts sports-minded travelers and family groups, as well as visitors looking for […]

Marsa Alam

Marsa Alam - Red Sea Marsa Alam is one of the fastest growing holiday resorts in Egypt, popular with wind surfers, divers and sun worshippers fortunate […]

Hurghada

Hurghada - Red Sea Hurghada was once just a tiny fisher village, with a location that seldom brought strangers here. Even in late 1970's this was […]

Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel Abu Simbel is about 280 KM away from Aswan, in the southern region of Nubia near the Sudanese border. Here stands the Great Temple […]

Kom Ombo

Kom Ombo The Town of Kom Ombo is located about 41 miles south of Edfu.  Kom Ombo is the ancient site of Ombos, which is from […]

Edfu

Edfu Edfu (Idfu) was the Greek city of Apollinopolis Magna, and is a religious and commercial center. Located about 33 miles south of Esna and 65 […]

Nile River

Nile River The Nile River is actually 6695 kilo meters (4184 miles) long. With such a long length, the Nile River is speculated to be the […]

Giza

Giza “The last wonder of the ancient world” Giza is the third largest city in Egypt. It is located on the west bank of the Nile […]

Alexandria

Alexandria Alexandria, the “Pearl of the Mediterranean,” is a city to explore at random; it's as important to enjoy its unique atmosphere, as it is to […]

Aswan

Aswan Aswan is one of the sunniest cities in Egypt, offering a delightful beauty and a relaxed atmosphere, with a warm and dry climate. Located about […]

Luxor

Luxor Luxor, situated about 640 km (400 miles) south of Cairo on the east bank of the Nile, Luxor was the capital of Egypt during the […]

Museum of Islamic Art in Cairo

Islamic Art Museum The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient Egyptian […]

Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Museum in Cairo The Museum of Egyptian Antiquities, known commonly as the Egyptian Museum, in Cairo, Egypt, is home to an extensive collection of ancient […]

Cairo

Cairo Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in the Arab world and Africa, and the 16th largest metropolitan area in the world. […]

Egyptian Museum Tour

The second most frequently visited and certainly one of the most important attractions in Cairo is the Egyptian …